Saturday, June 24, 2017
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Herbs
Plant Parts

Plant parts are the different part of the plant, which are used for various purposes. It may be any part i.e. aerial or underground including herb plant seeds, plants bark, herbal flowers, herb roots etc. Each plant part possesses individual beneficial property, which is used as required. The aerial part of plant includes stem, leave, flowers, fruits and seeds and that of underground includes roots and rhizomes. These parts are used in as such or in several other forms like powder or oil or extracts or paste or decoction depending on the requirement.


Bark

Bark is the outer covering of the stem, branches and roots of the tree. The bark is an aggregation of organs and tissues that includes phloem and secondarily thickened tissues from the secondary plant body, as well as epidermis, cortex and phloem derived from the primary plant body.

• Amra
• Bauhinia Variegata
• Berberis Aristata
• Carica Papaya
• Cinchona Officinalis
• Cissampelos Pareira
• Gmelina Arborea
• Holarrhena Antidysenterica
• Mimusops Elengi
• Morus Alba
• Oroxylum Indicum
• Parmelia Perlata
• Premna Obtusifolia
• Prunus Cerasoides
• Quince
• Saraca Asoca
• Symplocos Racemosa
• Terminalia Arjuna



Flowers

Flowers are the reproductive part of most the plants. It consists of carpels, petals, sepals and stamens. Flowers have either both male-female reproductive parts (Perfect flowers) or only one of them (Imperfect flowers). It is of various shape, size and colors.

• Achillea Millefolium
• Althaea Officinalis
• Azadirachta Indica
• Bombax Ceiba
• Calotropis Procera
• Celosia Cristata
• Citrus Aurantium
• Crocus Sativus
• Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis
• Lantana Camara
• Luffa Cylindrica
• Marigold
• Matricaria Chamomilla
• Punica Granatum
• Rose Petals
• Viola Odorata
• Woodfordia Fruticosa



Fruits

A fruit is a part of a flowering plant that contains the seeds. It may include adjacent tissue that fuses with the ovary. Once the ovary is fertilized, the seeds develop and the ovary enlarges forming the mature fruit. It may be of different type but not all are edible.

• Artocarpus Heterophyllus
• Asteracantha Longifolia
• Azadirachta Indica
• Callicarpa Macrophylla
• Calotropis Procera
• Cassia Angustifolia
• Cassia Fistula
• Convolvulus Alsinoides
• Cordyceps Sinensis
• Dhupi Leaves
• Embelia Ribes
• Emblica Officinalis
• Evolvulus Alsinoides
• Ficus Benghalensis
• Ficus Racemosa
• Ficus Religiosa
• Garcinia Cambogia
• Illicium Verum
• Juglans Regia
• Luffa Cylindrica
• Mallotus Philippinensis
• Mesua Ferrea
• Momordica Charantia
• Morel
• Morinda Citrifolia
• Myristica Fragrans
• Nelumbo Nucifera
• Piper Longum
• Piper Nigrum
• Podophyllum Emodi
• Punica Granatum
• Quince
• Raphanus Sativus
• Sapindus Mukorossi
• Sapindus Trifoliatus
• Semecarpus Anacardium
• Solanum Indicum
• Solanum Nigrum
• Solanum Xanthocarpum
• Syzygium Cumini
• Tamarindus Indica
• Terminalia Belerica
• Terminalia Chebula
• Trapa Bispinosa
• Tribulus Terrestris
• Trichosanthes Dioica



Gum/Resin

Natural gums are polysaccharides of natural origin. It is a sticky jelly like mass. It is used to increase viscosity of solution. It mainly used as thickening agent, gelling agent, emulsifiers and stabilizers.

Plant resins are simply secretions of plants, obtain either from the entire plant, or from specific parts of the plant. Resin mainly consists of volatile terpenes, along with essential oils and gums in little amount. Resins are insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol.

• Boswellia Serrata • Ferula Foetida • Guggul
• Pinus Roxburghii



Leaves

Leaves are lateral outgrowths from the stem, most commonly flat, broad, and green. This maximizes their function of absorbing sunlight and transforming it into food. leave have evolved into many shapes and sizes, reflecting adaptations to the environment.

• Abrus Precatorius
• Adhatoda Vasica
• Adiantum Capillus
• Aloe Vera
• Amra
• Andrographis Paniculata
• Anethum Graveolens
• Annona Squamosa
• Artocarpus Heterophyllus
• Atropa Belladonna
• Azadirachta Indica
• Bacopa Monniera
• Bambusa Arundinacea
• Bambusa Vulgaris
• Basil Herb
• Bombax Ceiba
• Callicarpa Macrophylla
• Calotropis Procera
• Carica Papaya
• Cassia Angustifolia
• Castor
• Cedrus Deodara
• Centella Asiatica
• Curcuma Longa
• Datura Stramonium
• Dhupi Leaves
• Ficus Benghalensis
• Ficus Religiosa
• Flax Seeds
• Gymnema Sylvestre
• Henna
• Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis
• Ipomoea Carnea
• Lemongrass
• Luffa Cylindrica
• Marigold
• Moringa Oleifera
• Morus Alba
• Mucuna Pruriens
• Nelumbo Nucifera
• Nerium Indicum
• Nyctanthes Arbortristis
• Nymphaea Lotus
• Pelargonium Graveolens
• Pinus Roxburghii
• Pluchea Lanceolata
• Podina
• Punica Granatum
• Quince
• Raphanus Sativus
• Rose Petals
• Stevia Rebaudiana
• Syzygium Cumini
• Tephrosia Purpurea
• Thymus Vulgaris
• Trichosanthes Dioica
• Trigonella Foenum Gracum
• Triticum Sativum
• Uraria Picta
• Vinca Rosea
• Ziziphus Jujuba



 

Oil

Volatile concentrated hydrophobic liquid extracted from different parts of plants, usually having the characteristic odor or flavor of the plant.

• Abelmoschus Moschatus
• Anethum Graveolens
• Annona Squamosa
• Azadirachta Indica
• Basil Herb
• Calamus
• Castor
• Cedrus Deodara
• Curcuma Zedoaria
• Cyperus Rotundus
• Flax Seeds
• Hedychium
• Henna
• Jatropha Seeds
• Lemongrass
• Moringa Oleifera
• Myristica Fragrans
• Nelumbo Nucifera
• Pelargonium Graveolens
• Pinus Roxburghii
• Podina
• Pomegranate Seed Oil
• Psoralea Corylifolia
• Punica Granatum
• Rose Petals
• Spikenard Oil
• Vetiveria Zizanoides
• Zingiber Officinalis



Peel/ Hull

Peel is the outer protective layer of fruits and vegetables. Peel may be eaten or removed from fruit according to thickness and taste. It is used in confectionery and cosmetics industry. Hull is outer leafy covering of seeds.

• Buckwheat Hulls
• Citrus Aurantium
• Psyllium Husk
• Sapindus Mukorossi
• Sapindus Trifoliatus
• Terminalia Belerica
• Terminalia Chebula



Root/Rhizomel

Roots are underground plant parts, which obtain nutrients i.e. food and water from the soil and provide support by anchoring the plant. Roots consist of root hairs and root cap. They also store sugars and carbohydrates, which is utilized by the plant to carry out other functions.

Rhizomes are thick, horizontal, underground stem capable of producing the shoot and root systems of a new plant. Rhizomes grow close to soil and have nodes and scale like leave. This capability allows the parent plant to propagate vegetatively (asexually) and also enables a plant to perinnate (survive an annual unfavorable season) underground.

• Acacia Catechu
• Aconitum Heterophyllum
• Alpinia Galanga
• Ashwagandha
• Asparagus Racemosus
• Boerhavia Diffusa
• Calamus
• Castor
• Coleus Forskohlii
• Curculigo Orchioides
• Curcuma Longa
• Curcuma Longa 95%
• Curcuma Zedoaria
• Cyperus Rotundus
• Dactylorhiza Hatagirea
• Hedychium
• Inula Racemosa
• Lantana Camara
• Leptadenia Reticulata
• Lilium Polyphyllum
• Liquorice
• Nelumbo Nucifera
• Nymphaea Lotus
• Onosma Hispidum
• Operculina Turpethum
• Picrorhiza Kurroa
• Piper Longum
• Plumbago Indica
• Plumbago Zeylanica
• Pueraria Tuberosa
• Raphanus Sativus
• Rauwolfia Serpentina
• Rhubarb
• Rubia Cordifolia
• Safed Musli
• Salacia Reticulata
• Sarsaparilla
• Saussurea Lappa
• Senega Roots
• Smilax China
• Spikenard Oil
• Spilanthes Acmella
• Tinospora Cordifolia
• Tylophora Indica
• Valeriana Wallichii
• Vetiveria Zizanoides
• Vinca Rosea
• Vitex Negundo
• Zingiber Officinalis



Seed

Seed is the reproductive part of the plant. It is a ripened ovule, consisting of an embryo with one or more integument, or coverings. The seed proper has an outer and an inner coat, and within these the kernel or nucleus.

• Abelmoschus Moschatus
• Abrus Precatorius
• Achyranthes Aspera
• Amra
• Annona Squamosa
• Artocarpus Heterophyllus
• Bambusa Arundinacea
• Bambusa Vulgaris
• Basil Herb
• Bombax Ceiba
• Buckwheat Hulls
• Calotropis Procera
• Cassia Fistula
• Cassia Occidentalis
• Cassia Tora
• Castor
• Celosia Cristata
• Cichorium Intybus
• Cydonia Oblonga
• Datura Stramonium
• Eleusine Coracana
• Emblica Officinalis
• Ficus Benghalensis
• Ficus Religiosa
• Flax Seeds
• Gentiana Chirata
• Hemidesmus Indicus
• Henna
• Holarrhena Antidysenterica
• Hyoscyamus Niger
• Jatropha Seeds
• Lepidium Sativum
• Luffa Cylindrica
• Madhuca Indica
• Mallotus Philippinensis
• Mimosa Pudica
• Momordica Charantia
• Moringa Oleifera
• Mucuna Pruriens
• Myristica Fragrans
• Nelumbo Nucifera
• Nigella Sativa
• Nyctanthes Arbortristis
• Pangra Nuts
• Papaver Somniferum
• Peganum Harmala
• Piper Cubeba
• Pomegranate Seed Oil
• Pongamia Pinnata
• Psoralea Corylifolia
• Punica Granatum
• Sapindus Mukorossi
• Solanum Indicum
• Solanum Nigrum
• Strychnos Nux Vomica
• Swertia Chirata
• Syzygium Cumini
• Tamarindus Indica
• Thymus Vulgaris
• Tribulus Terrestris
• Trigonella Foenum Gracum
• Vinca Rosea
• Vitex Negundo
• Wrightia Tinctoria



Wood/Stem

Stem is the axis of a plant, which is generally upright and above ground, easy to locate and identify. However, many stems grow below ground or are ground hugging. They support the plant, and act like the plant's plumbing system, conducting water and nutrients from the roots and food in the form of glucose from the leaves to other plant parts.

Wood is the secondary xylem of dicots and gymnosperms. It is the hard fibrous, lignified substance present under the bark of the tree. It is mainly utilized in the building materials or furniture or for papermaking.

• Acacia Catechu
• Argyreia Nervosa
• Azadirachta Indica
• Berberis Aristata
• Cedrus Deodara
• Cinnamomum Camphora
• Ephedra Vulgaris
• Nerium Indicum
• Piper Longum
• Pterocarpus Marsupium
• Pterocarpus Santalinus
• Rubia Cordifolia
• Salvadora Persica
• Tinospora Cordifolia
• Ziziphus Jujuba



Whole Plant

Whole plant are all aerial parts of the plant, almost all parts of the same plant like stem, bark, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds with their different properties are medicinally useful.

• Abutilon Indicum
• Achyranthes Aspera
• Adhatoda Vasica
• Adiantum Capillus
• Andrographis Paniculata
• Bacopa Monniera
• Celosia Cristata
• Centella Asiatica
• Convolvulus Alsinoides
• Eclipta Prostata
• Evolvulus Alsinoides
• Fumaria Officinalis
• Ipomoea Carnea
• Luffa Cylindrica
• Matricaria Chamomilla
• Mimosa Pudica
• Morus Alba
• Mucuna Pruriens
• Nerium Indicum
• Oxalis Corniculata
• Phyllanthus Niruri
• Piper Nigrum
• Sida Cordifolia
• Solanum Indicum
• Solanum Nigrum
• Solanum Xanthocarpum
• Tephrosia Purpurea
• Tribulus Terrestris
• Trichosanthes Dioica
• Triticum Sativum
• Uraria Picta
• Vinca Rosea



Exudates

These are the liquid substances which ooze out from the plant pores and gets solidified when exposed to air. Chemically these are either silica or polysaccharides or terpenes or any other chemical which are medicinally useful.

• Bambusa Arundinacea
• Bambusa Vulgaris